Gregg shorthand, system of rapid writing based on the sounds of words that uses the curvilinear motion of ordinary longhand. Devised by the Irishman John Robert Gregg (1867-1948), who originally called it light-line phonography and published under that name in pamphlet form in 1888 in England, the system was taken in 1893 to the United States, where it is now taught and used more than any other system. It has also been adapted to numerous languages, among them French, Spanish, Hebrew, Russian, Italian, Tagalog, Chinese, and Polish.

Characteristics of Gregg shorthand include a total absence of shading or thickening (in contrast to Pitman shorthand), the expression of vowels by circles and hooks that are inserted in word outlines in their natural order, a preponderance of curved motion to aid writing, and on-the-line writing. Gregg shorthand also uses brief forms for some of the commonest words, consonant clusters, and suffix and prefix forms and has an abbreviation principle.


그레그 속기법(速記法, Gregg shorthand). 단어의 발음에 근거한 속기법 체계.

보통 필기체의 곡선들을 사용한다. 아일랜드인 존 로버트 그레그 (1867~ 1948)가 고안하여 처음에는 세선표음속기법(細線表音速記法 light-line phonography)이라 했으며 이 이름으로 1884년 영국에서 소책자를 발간했다. 1893년 이 속기법은 미국으로 건너갔으며 미국에서 현재 다른 어느 속기법보다 더 많이 배우고 쓴다. 또한 프랑스어•스페인어•히브리어•러시아어•이탈리아어•타갈로그어•중국어•폴란드어를 비롯한 여러 외국어에도 응용되었다.

그레그 속기법의 글자들은 피트먼 속기법과 달리 흐리게 쓴다거나 진하게 쓰는 것이 없다. 단어를 자연적인 순서로 나란히 썼을 때 그 단어 윤곽에 포함되는 원이나 고리모양을 삽입해 모음을 표시한다. 계속 이어서 한줄로 쓰기 편하게 곡선모양을 많이 쓴다. 또한 이 속기법에서는 일상어•자음군(子音群)•접미사•접두사 등을 간략한 형식으로 쓰기도 하고 단어를 생략하는 약자 원칙도 쓰고 있다.


Gregg, John Robert (b. June 17, 1867, Rockcorry, County Monaghan, Ire.--d. Feb. 23, 1948, New York, N.Y., U.S.), Irish-born American inventor of a shorthand system named for him.

Gregg developed an interest in speed writing when he was 10 years old, and by the age of 21, in Glasgow, he had published a 28-page pamphlet, Light-Line Phonography (1888), presenting his own shorthand alphabet, which was phonetic and based on the regular cursive movements of familiar longhand. This alphabet later was adapted to 13 languages.

In 1893 Gregg moved to the United States. From 1900 he edited the Gregg Writer, a monthly magazine; and from 1920 he edited the American Shorthand Teacher, later called Business Education World. The basic Gregg book was Gregg Shorthand, first published in 1902 as a revision of Light-Line Phonography and revised frequently thereafter. He also published such works as The Private Secretary (1943). Gregg was president of the Gregg Publishing Company, based in New York City, and chairman of the board of the Gregg Publishing Company, Ltd., of London and of the Gregg Schools, Ltd., of London.



그레그 속기 예 및 트랜스크립션

Assignment 8

59. Mr. Dix: It is essential that I have 300 copies of our mailing piece, "Efficiency in Store1 Operation," at the Hotel Davis by five o'clock on May 12. I am addressing a special session of2 national clothing-store own­ers at six o'clock on that day.

If I have these 300 copies by five o'clock, I3 can place them on the seats in the meeting hall be­fore the official meeting starts.

Can you take care of getting the4 300 copies of "Efficiency in Store Operation" to the Hotel Davis? Harry Blair (98)

60. Dear Sir: You will see by your files that I stayed at your hotel on the night of May 9. As my train left at nine o'clock1 in the evening of May 10, I asked your efficient day clerk, Mr. Murphy, to give me a day rate for the2 five hours before my train left. He gave me a special day rate of $4.

You can imagine my vexation3 to have the night clerk tell me at the expiration of my five hours that Mr. Murphy had no right to give me4 a special rate of $4 — I would have to pay for a whole day.

I paid the $6, as I could not stay5 to talk with the clerk.

I know you will agree that the night clerk had no right to cancel the action of the day clerk.6 I know, too, that you will mail me a check for $2. Yours truly, (132)

61. Dear Sir: I am sorry you were charged $6 for the space you desired. Our check for $2 is attached.

I1 cautioned our clerks that the special day rate would not apply starting at five o'clock each eve­ning; but, as you are a2 physician, Mr. Murphy made an exception.

It is my hope that you will visit our hotel again. Our staff3 is ready to give you for the dura­tion of your stay the efficient service for which our hotel is so well4 known. Yours truly, (83)


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